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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1979 Jul 27;574(1):25-32.

Origin of the arachidonic acid released post-mortem in rat forebrain.


To determine the origins of the arachidonic acid released post-mortem in brain tissue, [3H]arachidonic acid was injected by the intracerebro-ventricular route and radioactivity monitored in complex lipids and free arachidonic acid at various times after decapitation. The specific activity of the released arachidonic acid was close to that in the total phospholipid fraction and much lower than that of the neutral lipids. The phospholipid with the closest specific activity to the free arachidonic acid recovered at the end of the post-mortem period was phosphatidylinositol. Phosphatidylcholine showed a small but significant decrease in radioactivity post-mortem and could contribute 37% of the arachidonic acid released to the free fatty acid fraction. Arachidonic acid released in rat forebrain after decapitation thus comes from a mixture of phospholipids with phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine being the major source. Phosphatidylserine and phosphatidic acid did not make important contributions to the free arachidonic acid. In the microsomal fraction, the specific activity of the free arachidonic acid was very close to that in phosphatidylinositol.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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