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Biochem J. 1973 Feb;132(2):249-58.

Studies of mammalian glucoside conjugation.

Abstract

The mammalian glucoside-conjugation pathway was studied by using p-nitrophenol as the model substrate and mouse liver microsomal preparations as the source of enzyme. The microsomal preparations supplemented with UDP-glucose glucosylated p-nitrophenol; p-nitrophenyl glucoside was identified by chromatography in six solvent systems. The unsolubilized glucosyltransferase of fresh microsomal preparations did not follow the usual Michaelis-Menten kinetics and was easily inhibited by many steroids. All the steroids tested inhibited glucosylation of p-nitrophenol to a greater degree than glucuronidation of p-nitrophenol when assayed in the same microsomal preparations. The steroids inhibited glucosylation with the following decreasing effectiveness: pregnan-3alpha-ol-20beta-one (3alpha-hydroxypregnan-20-beta-one)>oestradiol-17beta 3-methyl ether>oestradiol-17beta>oestriol>pregnane-3alpha,20beta-diol>oestrone. Pregnan-3alpha-ol-20beta-one, pregnane-3alpha,20beta-diol and oestrone had negligible effect on glucuronidation.

PMID:
4725039
PMCID:
PMC1177583
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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