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Am J Vet Res. 1979 Feb;40(2):165-9.

Immunization of chickens and turkeys against avian influenza with monovalent and polyvalent oil emulsion vaccines.


Chickens and turkeys vaccinated with inactivated virus oil-emulsion vaccines containing different concentrations of either 1 (monovalent) or 4 (polyvalent) strains of avian influenza virus (AIV) were challenged-exposed with virulent AIV A/chicken/Scotland/59 or A/turkey/Ontario/7732/66. Four of 6 vaccines protected completely against postexposure mortality. Vaccine valency did not alter the serologic and challenge-exposure responses of chickens vaccinated with AIV A/turkey/Wisconsin/68, which was the virus component common to both monovalent and polyvalent vaccines. The magnitude of the serologic responses and protection against challenge-exposure were dependent on the concentration of virus in the vaccines. These data indicate that control of virulent AIV in chickens and turkeys by vaccination with inactivated vaccines may be feasible.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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