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Undersea Biomed Res. 1979 Mar;6(1):1-13.

Species differences in decompression.

Abstract

In an effort to bring together the diverse laboratory-animal decompression studies, a literature review and statistical evaluation were undertaken. Although 22 different species that had been used in decompression studies were identified, systematic data were available for only 7 of these species: man, goat, dog, guinea-pig, rat, hamster, and mouse. Mathematical functions using physiological data on these seven species were developed to estimate 1) saturation time (the time for the body to equilibrate after an increase in hydrostatic pressure), and 2) no-decompression saturation-exposure limits (the maximum saturation-exposure pressure from which an abrupt return to 1 ATA can be tolerated). Data from man, rat, and mouse were used to develop physiological relationships for two additional decompression variables: change in pressure-reduction limits associated with increased exposure pressure and time to onset of decompression symptoms. Finally, data on rats for two other decompression variables, gas elimination time and optimum decompression stop time, are discussed in the hope that this will stimulate additional animal laboratory research in other mammalians. The general functional relationships developed in this paper provide a preliminary and rough means for extrapolating among species the decompression results obtained during animal laboratory experiments.

PMID:
462649
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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