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J Clin Invest. 1973 Jul;52(7):1726-34.

Identification and characterization of subpopulations of lymphocytes in human peripheral blood after fractionation on discontinuous gradients of albumin. The cellular defect in X-linked agammaglobulinemia.

Abstract

Normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes were separated on discontinuous gradients of 17-35% bovine serum albumin (BSA) into nine fractions. Three subpopulations of lymphocytes were obtained. One occupies the top third of the gradient (fractions 1-3, 17-23% BSA) and is rich in cells characterized by a high spontaneous rate of DNA synthesis and by the ability to give rise to colony-forming units. The middle portion of the gradient (fractions 4 and 5, 23-27% BSA) is rich in thymus-derived (T) lymphocytes identified by their vigorous response to mitogens and by their ability to form rosettes with sheep erythrocytes (E). The third subpopulation at the bottom of the gradient (fractions 6-9, 27-35% BSA) is rich in bone marrow-derived (B) lymphocytes capable of staining with fluorescent antiimmunoglobulin antisera and of forming rosettes with EAC1423. The peripheral blood lymphocytes of five boys with proved X-linked agammaglobulinemia and two with probable X-linked agammaglobulinemia were found to be totally deficient in B lymphocytes (fractions 6-9) and lacked the subpopulation identified by immunofluorescent staining or rosette formation with EAC1423. One boy with proved X-linked agammaglobulinemia and two with probable X-linked agammaglobulinemia possessed a normal amount of circulating B lymphocytes.

PMID:
4578158
PMCID:
PMC302448
DOI:
10.1172/JCI107354
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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