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J Cell Biol. 1979 Jun;81(3):665-71.

Interaction of microtubule proteins with phospholipid vesicles.


We have examined the interaction of unilamellar dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine liposomes with the high-speed supernate of brain homogenate and with tubulin purified through one or two cycles of microtubule assembly-disassembly. Tubulin and certian high molecular weight proteins are selectively adsorbed from these mixtures onto liposomes. The composition of adsorbed proteins is similar to that obtained during corresponding cycles of microtubule assembly, suggesting the equivalency of these processes. Adsorption induces stacking and/or fusion of liposomes into multilamellar structures indicating strong protein-lipid interaction. In addition, liposome-adsorbed tubulin forms extensive intermolecular disulfide bridges that are inert to reducing agents in the aqueous medium. The observations form a basis for further study of the distribution, function, and properties of membrane-bound tubulin.

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