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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1973 Dec;70(12):3561-5.

The interaction of elongation factor G with N-acetylphenylalanyl transfer RNA-ribosome complexes.


N-Acetyl-Phe-tRNA, nonenzymically bound to the acceptor site of Escherichia coli ribosomes, readily undergoes translocation in the presence of elongation factor (EF)-G and GTP. The translocated N-acetyl-Phe-tRNA, bound to the ribosomal donor site, prevents further interaction of EF-G with the ribosome, for it inhibits the GTP hydrolysis that takes place in the presence of EF-G and ribosomes and it decreases the formation of either the GDP.EF-G.fusidic acid.ribosome complex or the 5'-guanylylmethylenediphosphonate.EF-G.ribosome complex. Deacylation with puromycin of the donor site-bound N-acetyl-Phe-tRNA reverses these inhibitions, even though the tRNA(Phe) moiety remains bound to the ribosme. These results suggest that ribosomes complexed with messenger RNA and peptidyl-tRNA may be restricted in their ability to interact with EF-G to that part of the elongation cycle when peptidyl-tRNA is in the acceptor site, and deacylated tRNA in the donor site. Deacylation of the donor site-bound peptidyl-tRNA associated with peptide bond formation may control the interaction of EF-G with the ribosome.

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