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J Physiol. 1974 Oct;242(2):307-19.

Changes of intracellular sodium and potassium ion concentrations in isolated rat superior cervical ganglia induced by depolarizing agents.


1. Na and K contents of isolated rat superior cervical ganglia were measured by flame photometry, and intracellular Na and K concentrations ([Na](i) and [K](i)) calculated using Li and (35)SO(4) to determine extracellular space (e.c.s.).2. Resting concentrations after 1-2 hr incubation at 25 degrees C in normal Krebs solution were: [Na](i), 19.8 +/- 0.9 m-mole (kg cell water)(-1); [K](i), 192.7 +/- 2.8 m-mole (kg cell water)(-1) (mean +/- S.E. of mean of thirty-five ganglia). Correction for losses during e.c.s. measurement gave 22 mM [Na](i) and 207 mM [K](i) as probable fresh concentrations.3. Carbachol (180 muM for 4 min) increased [Na](i) by 47.8 +/- 2.9 m-mole (kg cell water)(-1) and decreased [K](i) by 54.6 +/- 4.3 m-mole (kg cell water)(-1). Maximal exchange with carbachol or nicotine (at approximately 1 mM for 4 min) amounted to 80-100 m-mole (kg cell water)(-1). On washing with Krebs solution containing 2.5 mM hexamethonium recovery of ionic concentrations occurred with a rate constant of 0.3-0.4 min(-1).4. Restitution of ganglionic Na and K after carbachol was inhibited by washing with K-free solution, and slowed by ouabain (0.14 mM), cyanide (2 mM) or cooling (Q(10) 2.7 between 17 and 27 degrees C).5. Equilibrium potentials for Na and K (E(Na), E(K)) at rest were calculated to be +49 and -88 mV. At a membrane potential (E(m)) of -70 mV, the permeability ratio P(Na):P(K) was calculated at 0.04:1 (assuming P(Cl):P(K) < 0.1).

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