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Acta Physiol Scand. 1979 Dec;107(4):289-96.

Quantitative changes in regional cerebral blood flow of rats induced by alpha- and beta-adrenergic stimulants.

Abstract

Cerebral blood flow was measured with the 14C-ethanol technique in 8 regions (frontal, parieto-temporal and occipital cortex, caudate nucleus, thalamus, cerebellum, mesencephalon, and pons) of rats. The highest flow values (83-89.5 ml/100 g/min) were found in cortical areas, whereas pons had the lowest flow (48 ml/100 g/min). Intravenous infusion of noradrenaline or adrenaline markedly reduced rCBF (by 22-48% of control levels) in all regions except thalamus, mesencephalon, and pons. The noradrenaline-induced reduction was blocked, and the effect of adrenaline reversed, after pretreatment with the alpha-receptor antagonist, phentolamine. Isoprenaline infusion markedly augmented rCBF in thalamus, mesencephalon, pons, and also in the caudate nucleus. The response was reduced by the beta-receptor antagonist, propranolol. The experiments show the presence and heterogenous distribution in the cerebrovascular bed of slpha- and beta-adrenoceptors that can be activated by sympathomimetics given systematically. If noradrenaline was allowed to pass the blood-brain barrier after osmotic opening with urea, an increased regional flow was obtained, probably due to a mechanism where the vasodilator effect secondary to activation of cerebral metabolism predominated over the direct vasoconstrictor effect of the amine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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