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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1979 Mar 1;133(5):525-36.

Effects of long-term estrogen replacement therapy. I. Metabolic effects.

Abstract

Two groups of hypoestrogenic women are analyzed by retrospective comparisons. Patients were observed by a single group of physicians for at least five years; 301 patients were treated with replacement estrogen and 309 patients were untreated. Incidence figures for various metabolic diseases present at entry and both during and after estrogen therapy were compared by the usual statistical analysis and by statistical adjustments for certain group differences (Mantel-Haenszel statistic). The long-term administration of estrogen to these relatively young women with hypoestrogenism was associated with significantly lower rates of development of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, and fractures. Detrimental effects were a higher rate of abnormal uterine bleeding and an increase in the likelihood of developing adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Effects of estrogen preparation, dosage, method of therapy, duration of therapy, and the addition of synthetic progestins are presented.

PIP:

Metabolic effects of long-term (at least 5 years) estrogen replacement therapy were studied. 301 patients were treated with replacement estrogen and 309 patients were untreated. Incidence figures for various metabolic diseases present at entry, and both during and after estrogen therapy were compared by statistical adjustments for certain group differences (Mantel-Haenszel statistics) and by statistical analysis. Long-term administration of estrogen to these women with hypoestrogenism was associated with significantly lower rates of development of cardiovascular disease (p .001), hypertension (p .001), osteoporosis (p .001), and fractures (p .01). The detrimental effects included a higher rate of abnormal uterine bleeding (47% of 207 women with uteri in situ) and an increase in the likelihood of developing adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Cyclic adminsitration of estrogen did not seem to protect from the risk of endometrial carcinoma, however the addition of progesterone to sequential estrogen treatment did. It is believed that long-term estrogen therapy is of benefit for the woman deprived of estrogen function, particularly if this loss occurs at a relatively young age.

PMID:
443293
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9378(79)90288-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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