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J Physiol. 1979 Jan;286:563-76.

Electrolyte secretion by the isolated cat pancreas during replacement of extracellular bicarbonate by organic anions and chloride by inorganic anions.


1. The effect of replacing extracellular bicarbonate and chloride by other anions on the volume and composition of secretin-stimulated pancreatic juice has been analysed in the isolated, perfused cat pancreas. 2. The anions of some aliphatic carboxylic acids were able partially to substitute for bicarbonate in sustaining pancreatic secretion. The order of effectiveness was: acetate greater than proprionate greater than butyrate greater than formate. 3. The rate of secretion in the presence of 25 mM-acetate was 42% of that achieved with 25 mM-bicarbonate. The concentration of acetate in the secretion varied with flow rate, reaching a maximum of 120 mM at high flow rates and declining at lower flow rates, with reciprocal changes in chloride concentration. Bicarbonate was always present in the secretion at a concentration of 5--7 mM. 4. Inorganic anions were able totally or partially to substitute for chloride in sustaining secretion. In relation to chloride, their degree of effectiveness was: chloride = bromide = or greater than nitrate greater than iodide greater than sulphate greater than methyl sulphate greater than isethionate. Those anions which had no effect on secretion rate (i.e. bromide and nitrate) also had no effect on the bicarbonate concentration of the secretion and themselves appeared in the secretion in place of chloride. Those anions which inhibited secretion increased the bicarbonate concentration in the secretion in proportion to the degree of inhibition they caused (i.e. the increase was greatest with isethionate). 5. When perfusate chloride was only partially replaced by bromide or iodide the ratios of chloride: bromide and chloride: iodide in the secretion were approximately equal to those in the perfusate. 6. The carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide reduced secretory rate and bicarbonate concentration when added to normal perfusion fluid or chloride-substituted fluids, but had no effect following replacement of perfusate bicarbonate by acetate. 7. These observations illustrate that an extracellular source of permeant anions is required for optimal pancreatic bicarbonate secretion to occur. This may indicate the participation of an anion exchange carrier in the transport events responsible for this secretory process.

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