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J Cell Biol. 1969 May;41(2):521-35.

The synthesis and turnover of rat liver peroxisomes. I. Fractionation of peroxisome proteins.


Rat liver peroxisomes isolated by density gradient centrifugation were disrupted at pH 9, and subdivided into a soluble fraction containing 90% of their total proteins and virtually all of their catalase, D-amino acid oxidase, L-alpha-hydroxy acid oxidase and isocitrate dehydrogenase activities, and a core fraction containing urate oxidase and 10% of the total proteins. The soluble proteins were chromatographed on Sephadex G-200, diethylaminoethyl (DEAE)-cellulose, hydroxylapatite, and sulfoethyl (SE)-Sephadex. None of these methods provided complete separation of the protein components, but these could be distributed into peaks in which the specific activities of different enzymes were substantially increased. Catalase, D-amino acid oxidase, and L-alpha-hydroxy acid oxidase contribute a maximum of 16, 2, and 4%, respectively, of the protein of the peroxisome. The contribution of isocitrate dehydrogenase could be as much as 25%, but is probably much less. After dissolution of the cores at pH 11 , no separation between their urate oxidase activity and their protein was achieved by Sephadex G-200 chromatography.

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