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Br J Pharmacol. 1974 Jan;50(1):25-33.

Studies on the coronary dilator actions of some adenosine analogues.

Abstract

1 The cardiovascular actions of 23 adenosine analogues have been examined in anaesthetized open thorax dogs; the analogues were substituted in the 2-position of the purine ring, or in the exocyclic amino group, or were modified in the imidazole or sugar rings.2 The effects of these compounds on coronary blood flow, peripheral blood pressure, and heart rate were compared with those of adenosine.3 9-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyladenine had no cardiovascular action; the other analogues on intra-atrial administration caused an immediate increase in coronary blood flow, the magnitude and duration of which varied with the structures of the analogues.4 2-Fluoro-, 2-bromo-, 2-isobutylthio-, 2-ethylamino-, and 5'-deoxy-5'-chloro- adenosines had coronary dilator potencies equal to or greater than that of adenosine. No relationship was found between the dilator potency of the adenosine analogues and their duration of coronary dilator action.5 The coronary dilator action of adenosine was potentiated by inosine, 9-beta-D-arabinofurano-syladenine, tubercidin, N(6)-methyladenosine and 2-trifluoromethyl-N(6)-methyladenosine.6 There was no correlation between the substrate specificities of the shorter-acting analogues for adenosine deaminase or adenosine kinase and their duration of coronary dilator action.7 It is proposed that in the anaesthetized dog, uptake into tissues is a more important mode of removal of adenosine and adenosine analogues from the vascular system than inactivation by adenosine deaminase, that the duration of coronary dilator action of the analogues is related primarily to their specificity for the carrier which mediates adenosine uptake, and that the adenosine carrier is not associated with kinase action.

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