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J Bacteriol. 1973 Jul;115(1):198-204.

Common enzymes of branched-chain amino acid catabolism in Pseudomonas putida.


Two types of Pseudomonas putida PpG2 mutants which were unable to degrade branched-chain amino acids were isolated after mutagenesis and selection for ability to grow on succinate, but not valine, as a sole source of carbon. These isolates were characterized by growth on the three branched-chain amino acids (valine, isoleucine, and leucine), on the corresponding branched-chain keto acids (2-ketoisovalerate, 2-keto-3-methylvalerate, and 2-ketoisocaproate), and on other selected intermediates as carbon sources, and by their enzymatic composition. One group of mutants lost 2-ketoisovalerate-inducible branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase that was active on all three keto acids. There was also a concomitant loss of ability to grow on all three branched-chain amino acids as well as on all three corresponding keto acids, but there was retention of ability to use subsequent intermediates in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids. Another type of mutant showed a marked reduction in branched-chain amino acid transaminase activity and grew poorly at the expense of all three amino acids, but it utilized subsequent intermediates as carbon sources. Both the transaminase and branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase mutants retained the ability to degrade camphor. These findings are consistent with the view that branched-chain amino acid transaminase and branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase are common enzymes in the catabolism of valine, isoleucine, and leucine.

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