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J Clin Invest. 1971 Apr;50(4):920-9.

Cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate in the human lukocyte: synthesis, degradation, andeffects n neutrophil candidacidal activity.


Prostaglandins E(1) and E(2) (PGE(1) and PGE(2)) stimulate adenyl cyclase activity in broken cell preparations of normal human leukocytes, whereas prostaglandin F(1a) produces no effect. PGE(1) and PGE(2) also cause increased accumulation of cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate-(3)H ((3)H-labeled AMP) in intact leukocytes which have been preincubated with adenine-(3)H in vitro. Theophylline inhibits leukocyte phosphodiesterase activity and potentiates the stimulatory effect of the prostaglandins on intracellular accumulation of cyclic 3',5'-AMP-(3)H. The ability of human granulocytes in vitro to kill Candida albicans was consistently inhibited by PGE(1) and theophylline. This effect was reproduced by dibutyryl cyclic 3',5'-AMP, a lipid-soluble analogue of the endogenous nucleotide. The inhibition of candidacidal activity could not be accounted for by drug effects on phagocytosis, oxygen consumption, or hexose monophosphate shunt activity. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that increased intracellular concentrations of cyclic 3',5'-AMP impair the granulocyte's ability to kill C. albicans, but the precise mechanism of inhibition has not yet been defined.

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