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J Cell Biol. 1969 Oct;43(1):105-14.

Lipids of Acanthamoeba castellanii. Composition and effects of phagocytosis on incorporation of radioactive precursors.


The lipids of Acanthamoeba castellanii (Neff) consist of 52% neutral lipids and 48% polar lipids. Triglycerides account for 75% and free sterols for 17% of the neutral lipids. The major phospholipids are phosphatidylcholine (45%), phosphatidylethanolamine (33%), phosphatidylserine (10%), a phosphoinositide (6%), and diphosphatidylglycerol (4%). The phosphoinositide is unique in that it contains fatty acids, aldehyde, inositol, and phosphate in the ratio of 1.4:0.5:1.1, but it contains no glycerol. Sphingomyelin, cerebrosides, psychosine, and glycoglycerides were not detected, but small amounts of unidentified long chain bases and sugars are present. The rates of uptake of palmitate-1-(14)C and of its incorporation into glycerides and phospholipids were not affected by the phagocytosis of polystyrene latex beads. Although phagocytosis usually decreased the uptake by amebas of phosphate-(32)P, serine-U-(14)C, and inositol-2-(3)H, their subsequent incroporation into phospholipids was not demonstrably stimulated or inhibited by phagocytosis. Phagocytosis did seem to increase the incorporation into ameba phospholipids of phosphatidylcholine-1 ,2-(14)C but not that of phosphatidylethanolamine-1 ,2-(14)C. These experiments, in which the incorporation of radioactive precursors into total cell lipids was measured, do not, of course, eliminate the possibility that localized effects may occur.

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