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J Lipid Res. 1967 May;8(3):249-54.

Biosynthesis of retinoic acid by intestinal enzymes of the rat.

Abstract

The incubation of beta-carotene-(14)C with the soluble fraction of the intestinal mucosa resulted in the formation of small amounts of acidic material. The addition of NAD or NADH to the soluble fraction caused a tenfold increase in this material. Incubation of retinal-15-(14)C with the soluble fraction of the intestinal mucosa plus NAD or NADH resulted in the conversion of 80-90% of the retinal to acidic material, which has been shown to contain retinoic acid. In vivo studies on the formation of retinoic acid in the intestinal mucosa after the administration of beta-carotene-(14)C revealed that an appreciable amount of beta-carotene was converted to acidic compounds. When retinal-15-(14)C was administered, portal blood contained 30-40% of the absorbed radioactivity. 24% of this radioactivity was found in acidic material, which has been shown to contain retinoic acid. It is suggested that enzymes in rat intestine cleave beta-carotene to retinal and oxidize the latter to retinoic acid, which is then transported via the portal circulation to the liver.

PMID:
4292228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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