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Hum Pathol. 1979 Jan;10(1):45-56.

Histologic and morphometric study of chronic gastritis in alcoholic patients.


The effect of chronic alcohol ingestion on the gastric mucosa was determined in 96 patients in whom gastroscopy was performed because of upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Seventy-two patients were classified as alcoholics and 24 patients as nonalcoholics. In all cases biopsy specimens were taken from the fundus and antrum. The diagnoses of chronic superficial and atrophic gastritis were based on conventional histologic criteria and a morphometric technique utilizing quantitation of the chronic inflammatory cells in the lamina propria. Alcoholic patients were found to have a higher incidence of chronic gastritis of the antrum than nonalcoholics (p less than 0.001). Fundic involvement was also more common, probably accounting for the decreased gastric acid output described in chronic alcoholic patients. Finally, gastritis was more severe in the alcoholics; below 45 years of age chronic atrophic gastritis was seen only in alcoholics. We conclude that chronic gastritis develops more frequently in alcoholic patients and evolves into chronic atrophic gastritis at an earlier age than in nonalcoholic subjects.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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