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Biochem J. 1979 Jan 1;177(1):331-46.

The characterization of the non-histone chromosomal proteins of the main classes of nuclei from rat brain fractionated by zonal centrifugation.


1. Non-histone chromosomal proteins were isolated from the cell nuclei of whole rat brain and nuclei from different types of brain cells. 2. Brain nuclei were fractionated by zonal centrifugation into five zones deriving from five main categories of brain cells. These are the neuronals, astrocytes I, astrocytes II, oligodendrocytes I and oligodendrocytes II. 3. The non-histone chromosomal proteins were analysed by (a) sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, (b) electrofocusing electrophoresis and (c) two-dimensional electrophoresis. The results of this analysis showed a limited specific pattern of non-histone chromosomal proteins from the different classes of nuclei. Differences were found to exist between the proteins from neuronal and glial nuclei. In particular one polypeptide band with mol.wt. 10000 and pI8.5 was found to be present in the non-histone protein fractions of neuronal nuclei, and absent from the corresponding fractions of nearly all the other classes of nuclei. 4. Two other classes of nuclear proteins, buffered-saline-soluble and 0.35m-NaCl-soluble, were analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis along with the non-histone chromosomal. The similarities and differences among these groups of proteins are discussed. 5. The patterns of non-histone chromosomal proteins during development were investigated by studying them in two age groups of animals: in infant rats (10 days old) and adult rats. The polypeptide that was found to be specific for the proteins of neuronal nuclei of adult rats is present in all the classes of nuclei of infant rats.

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