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Br J Pharmacol. 1970 Jan;38(1):253-62.

Mechanisms of histamine release by compound 48-80.

Abstract

1. Rat and guinea-pig lung tissues were incubated for 20 min at 37 degrees C in Krebs-Ringer phosphate buffer at pH 7.4, or in Tyrode-Tris buffer at pH 8.2, and the release of histamine produced by adding different concentrations of compound 48/80 to the incubation medium was determined.2. At pH 7.4, increasing concentrations of 48/80 increased the release of histamine from the rat lung, with a tendency towards a maximum. No release of histamine from guinea-pig lung was observed at this pH. At pH 8.2, histamine release occurred both from rat and guinea-pig lung, and was proportional to the logarithm of the concentration of compound 48/80.3. Histamine release from rat lung by 20 mug/ml. of 48/80 decreased when the pH was raised from 7.4 to 8.2; but the release caused by 1 mg/ml. of 48/80 increased both in rat and guinea-pig lung as the pH was raised.4. 2-4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) inhibited the release of histamine from rat lung by a concentration of 20 mug/ml. of 48/80; the inhibition was prevented by glucose. DNP did not affect histamine release from rat or guinea-pig lung by a concentration of 1 mg/ml. of 48/80 and enhanced the release when the pH was raised from 7.4 to 8.2.5. 1 mg/ml. of 48/80 did not inhibit the enhanced oxygen consumption produced by DNP in the isolated rat diaphragm.6. Iodoacetic acid (IAA) or a Ca/Mg-free medium inhibited the release of histamine by 20 mug/ml. of 48/80 from rat lung but not the release produced by 1 mg/ml. in either rat or guinea-pig lung.7. The degranulation of rat mesentery mast cells caused by 20 mug/ml. of compound 48/80 was inhibited by DNP. The degranulation evoked by 1 mg/ml. of 48/80 was also sensitive to this inhibitor; in this instance, however, the metachromatic staining reaction of the mesentery mast cells was greatly diminished.8. It is concluded that two processes of histamine release by compound 48/80 occur in rat lung. One, dependent on cell metabolism, involves, mast cell granule secretion. The other, independent of cell metabolism, seems to consist of a simple exchange reaction between histamine and compound 48/80, and this is the only one occurring in guinea-pig lung.

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