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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Apr 26;533(2):327-41.

Activation of decarboxyfactor X by a protein from Russell's viper venom. Purification and partial characterization of activated decarboxyfactor X.


1. Incubation of decarboxyfactor X with the factor X-activating enzyme from Russell's Viper venom revealed the generation of amidase activity towards Bz-Ile-Glu-Gly-Arg-pNA, but not of activity in blood coagulation. 2. The rate of activation of both factor X and decarboxyfactor X depends on the ability of the zymogens to bind Ca2+. The relationship between Ca2+ concentration and velocity of the activation reaction is sigmoid in the case of factor X, but hyperbolic with decarboxyfactor X. 3. Activated decarboxyfactor X was purified by powder column electrophoresis. 4. Identical changes of primary structure accompanied the activation of factor X and decarboxyfactor X. Identical molecular weight and common antigenic determinants were found in factor Xa and decarboxyfactor Xa. The amino acid composition was identical except for 12 glutamic acid residues in decarboxyfactor Xa and gamma-carboxyglutamic acid residues in factor Xa. 5. Unlike factor X, activated factor X has a very low electrophoretic mobility in the presence of Ca2+ at pH 8.6. This is probably due to self association of factor Xa under the influence of Ca2+. The electrophoretic mobility of activated decarboxyfactor X is only slightly decreased compared to decarboxyfactor X in the presence of Ca2+.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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