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J Comp Neurol. 1985 Nov 15;241(3):268-74.

Postnatal volumetric development of the prefrontal cortex in the rat.


The medial and orbital parts of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) increase in volume during the first weeks of postnatal life. At the end of this period, however, the volumes of both parts of the PFC reach a significantly higher value than in adulthood. Subsequently the volumes decrease until the adult volume is attained. The three subareas of the medial PFC (i.e., the medial precentral area, the dorsal anterior cingulate, and the prelimbic area) reach a maximum volume around day 24, while the two orbital PFC subareas (i.e., the dorsal and ventral agranular insular areas) attain their maximum value around day 30. The differences found in the growth pattern of the five PFC subareas, which are innervated by specific subnuclei of the mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus, suggest a role of these subnuclei in the PFC development.

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