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J Biochem. 1985 Sep;98(3):843-9.

Gangliosides in serum immune complexes from tumor-bearing patients.


Immune complexes in the serum of tumor-bearing patients were adsorbed from whole blood or plasma on a protein A-Sepharose column. The adsorbed material was eluted, precipitated and analyzed for gangliosides. All precipitates obtained from eight patients at different treatment occasions contained gangliosides at concentrations varying from 0.1 to 12.2 nmol sialic acid/mg protein. The compositions of gangliosides were similar among the patients, regardless of the type of cancer, and quite different from that of normal serum. Most (75-85% of total sialic acid) belonged to the gangliotetraose series, of which 26-33% was GM1, 26-34% GD1a, 8-17% GD1b, and 5-13% GT1b. However, the dominant ganglioside in normal serum, GM3, was present in only trace amounts, which ruled out a nonspecific adsorption of serum ganglioside by protein A-Sepharose. Similar results were obtained for whole blood and plasma treatments, and these results suggest a specific interaction between gangliosides of the gangliotetraose series and serum immunoglobulins, either by the gangliosides acting as antigens and forming immune complexes or by their binding to already formed complexes.

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