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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1985 Dec 15;187(12):1367-8.

Electrolyte abnormalities induced by hypertonic phosphate enemas in two cats.


Severe electrolyte disturbances developed after the administration of hypertonic phosphate enemas in 2 chronically obstipated cats. Hyperphosphatemia, hypernatremia, and hypocalcemia were detected in both cats. Physical findings included weakness, anxiety, tachycardia, hypothermia, and dehydration. Intravenous fluid and electrolyte therapy led to prompt, dramatic improvement in both cats. Although well tolerated by most healthy animals, hypertonic phosphate enemas should be avoided in small animals, especially those that are dehydrated, severely obstipated, or suffering from renal or colonic disease.

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