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Biochemistry. 1985 Nov 5;24(23):6624-30.

An actin-depolymerizing protein (destrin) from porcine kidney. Its action on F-actin containing or lacking tropomyosin.


An Mr 19 000 protein (destrin) that has the ability to rapidly depolymerize F-actin in a stoichiometric manner was purified from porcine kidney by sequential chromatography on DNase I-agarose, hydroxyapatite, and Sephadex G-75. Its actin-depolymerizing activity is reversibly controlled by changes in KCl concentration but is insensitive to Ca2+ concentration. The rate of depolymerization of F-actin by destrin is much faster than that of spontaneous depolymerization induced by dilution and is not markedly decreased by the addition of end-blocking reagents such as cytochalasin B. These results suggest that destrin depolymerizes F-actin by interacting directly with F-actin protomers. Binding of muscle tropomyosin to F-actin slows down the rate of destrin-induced depolymerization of F-actin by about 30-fold. The data suggest that the destrin-induced depolymerization occurs from the ends of F-actin when F-actin is complexed with tropomyosin, but it takes place from the entire length of F-actin in the absence of tropomyosin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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