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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1985 Dec 17;133(2):371-9.

Lysosomal origin of the ferric iron required for cell killing by hydrogen peroxide.


The lysosomotropic amines methylamine (40 mM) and chloroquine (125 mM) prevented the killing of cultured hepatocytes by hydrogen peroxide generated in the medium by glucose oxidase. Maximum protection required several hours preincubation with either amine. Sensitivity of the hepatocytes to H2O2 was restored either by the addition of ferrous or ferric iron to the culture medium, or by incubating the cells for 4 hours in the absence of either amine prior to treatment with H2O2. Neither methylamine nor chloroquine had any effect on the cell killing by t-butyl hydroperoxide, a hepatotoxin that does not require iron. The protective effect of the lysosomotropic amines was distinguished from that of the ferric iron chelator deferoxamine in two ways: 1) deferoxamine protected hepatocytes from H2O2 toxicity but did not require a pretreatment period; and 2) in contrast to methylamine or chloroquine, deferoxamine had no effect on lysosomal pH as assessed by the fluorescent probe acridine orange. The data suggest that a lysosomal pool is the source of the ferric iron necessary for the killing of hepatocytes by H2O2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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