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Psychol Med. 1985 Nov;15(4):891-3.

Effects of withdrawal from long-term nicotine gum use.

Abstract

A small proportion of smokers who stop smoking with the aid of nicotine chewing gum continue to use the gum for more than a year. This study shows that when these people abstain from nicotine gum use they experience withdrawal symptoms similar to those found during cigarette withdrawal, including increased irritability, difficulty in concentrating and a drop in heart rate.

PMID:
4080892
DOI:
10.1017/s0033291700005134
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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