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Pflugers Arch. 1985 Dec;405(4):400-2.

Epithelial and subepithelial contributions to transmural electrical resistance of intact rat jejunum, in vitro.


Epithelial and subepithelial resistance of rat jejunum was measured in vitro by two independent methods. (i) Transepithelial AC impedance data were interpreted in terms of a simple parallel RpCp element (representing the epithelial cell layer) in series with an ohmic resistor RS (representing the subepithelial layers). (ii) In separate experiments, the tip of a microelectrode was positioned between epithelium and subepithelial layers and the respective resistances were obtained from DC-pulse voltage divider ratios between both structures. The total tissue resistance as measured in conventional Ussing-chamber experiments (49 +/- 4 Ohm X cm2, mean of both methods) was formed to 81 +/- 6% (40 +/- 3 Ohm X cm2) by subepithelial layers and to only 19 +/- 3% (9 +/- 1 Ohm X cm2) by the epithelial cell line. We conclude that rat jejunum is more conductive than assumed so far. In in vitro flux studies on intact jejunal sheets a pronounced back-diffusion of absorbed substances will lead to an underestimation of the true net transport capacity of this structure. This error averages about fivefold and will be found likewise in conventional short-circuit measurements.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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