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Ophthalmology. 1985 Nov;92(11):1506-16.

Extracapsular cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation in glaucomatous eyes.

Abstract

Two hundred ninety-six eyes of 250 patients undergoing extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with or without the implantation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) were studied. Pre-existing glaucoma of varying severity was present in 139 eyes and no known ocular pathology other than cataract in 157 eyes. During the first eight weeks following surgery, intraocular pressure elevations greater than or equal to 15 mmHg above baseline were seen in 23% of glaucomatous eyes controlled before surgery with glaucoma medications, in 39% of glaucomatous eyes controlled before surgery with argon laser trabeculoplasty, and in only 3% of nonglaucomatous eyes. The implantation of a PC-IOL did not influence the incidence of postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) elevations. Among glaucomatous eyes with severe preoperative visual field loss (split fixation or central island less than or equal to 10 degrees), 9.7% had worsening of visual field after surgery. Open angle glaucoma of unclear etiology developed in 1.4% of normal eyes following uncomplicated ECCE with PC-IOL implantation. Surgical techniques the authors have found useful in glaucomatous eyes undergoing ECCE with PC-IOL implantation are discussed.

PMID:
4080323
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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