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Equine Vet J. 1985 Jul;17(4):300-5.

Effects of a submaximal treadmill training programme on histochemical properties, enzyme activities and glycogen utilisation of skeletal muscle in the horse.


The effects of training on skeletal muscle composition were studied in four Standardbred geldings given a seven week submaximal treadmill training programme. Before the start of training, muscle biopsies were collected from the left middle gluteal muscle for the determination of muscle fibre types, oxidative capacity and capillary numbers using histochemical techniques. The concentrations of citrate synthase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HAD), lactate dehydrogenase and total muscle glycogen were measured using fluorometric methods. Muscle biopsy samples were repeated after one, three, five and seven weeks of training and the same measurements performed. No significant changes were found in muscle fibre types or capillary numbers as a result of training, although there was an increase in the oxidative capacity of the Type IIB fibres after seven weeks training. After seven weeks of training there were also increases in the concentrations of citrate synthase and HAD and a decrease in lactate dehydrogenase. Before commencement of training the horses underwent a standardised submaximal exercise test and muscle glycogen concentrations were measured before and immediately after the exercise. This procedure was repeated after one, three, five and seven weeks of training. A progressive decrease in the rate of glycogen utilisation occurred throughout the period of training, which by seven weeks was 36 per cent lower than that before training.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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