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Arzneimittelforschung. 1985;35(10):1527-31.

Renal effects of the high ceiling diuretic torasemide in rats and dogs.


The mode of action of torasemide was investigated by clearance experiments in dogs and rats. In the dog, torasemide (1 mg/kg i.v.) had no significant effect on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) but increased p-aminohippuric acid (PAH) clearance by 16% (p less than 0.01). In the rat both GFR and PAH clearance were significantly decreased, on an average 8-17%, by torasemide infused in the dose range of 1 to 20 mg/kg i.v. After i.v. injection the onset of diuresis was observed within 5 to 10 min and peak effect within 20 to 40 min in the rat and within 40 to 60 min in the dog. Fractional water and sodium excretions of nearly 25% were obtained in the rat with a dose of 8 mg/kg i.v. At equipotent doses, torasemide and furosemide induced similar diuretic and natriuretic effects in function of time in the rat. In the dog the effects lasted much longer with torasemide than with furosemide. This difference can be related to the longer half-life (about 8 h) of torasemide in the dog. In both species significant differences could be noted between torasemide and furosemide with respect to the time course of their effects on the urinary excretion of potassium. From the first experimental hour on, torasemide proved to be significantly less kaliuretic than furosemide as shown by increased Na/K ratios, during the third experimental hour they reached 20.5 vs 9.9 in the dog and 11 vs 7.5 in the rat with torasemide and furosemide, respectively. In hydropenic dogs, free water reabsorption was significantly reduced with torasemide and osmolar clearance significantly increased.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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