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Am J Vet Res. 1985 Nov;46(11):2253-8.

Importance of neutrophils in the pathogenesis of acute pneumonic pasteurellosis in calves.


Acute lung injury was induced in 24 calves by intratracheal inoculation with Pasteurella haemolytica. Calves in groups 1 and 2 were neutrophil depleted, using hydroxyurea given IV. Group 1 calves (n = 7) were inoculated intratracheally with saline solution, and group 2 calves (n = 7) were inoculated with P haemolytica. Group 3 calves (n = 7) had normal numbers of neutrophils and were inoculated with P haemolytica. Group 4 calves (n = 3) were treated acutely with hydroxyurea IV, had normal numbers of neutrophils, and were inoculated with P haemolytica. After inoculation, calves with normal numbers of neutrophils (groups 3 and 4) became hypoxemic 2 hours after inoculation, and hypoxemia persisted until necropsy (6 hours after inoculation). These calves also developed tachypnea, bradycardia, neutropenia, and lymphopenia. Lung lesions consisted of necrosis of the alveolar walls, intra-alveolar hemorrhage, and a severe exudative and necrotizing bronchopneumonia, with accumulation of proteinaceous fluid in alveoli and lymphatics. In neutrophil-depleted calves (groups 1 and 2), blood gas values, heart and respiratory rates, and numbers of circulating leukocytes did not change after inoculation with saline solution or with P haemolytica. At necropsy, the lungs of neutrophil-depleted calves were grossly normal. Therefore, neutrophils were required for the acute lung injury induced by P haemolytica. The protective effect of neutrophil depletion was a specific effect of hydroxyurea because calves with high circulating concentrations of hydroxyurea and calves with normal numbers of neutrophils (group 4) developed lung injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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