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Anal Biochem. 1985 Aug 15;149(1):229-37.

Quantitative molecular hybridization on nylon membranes.


A study of DNA hybridization to DNA covalently bound to nylon membranes was made in order to develop a quantitative method for molecular hybridization using a nylon-based matrix. Chloroplast DNA was covalently attached to nylon membranes by irradiation at 254 nm. Under hybridization conditions the initial rate of DNA loss from the nylon membranes was 5-10% per 24 h, while under comparable conditions DNA bound to nitrocellulose membranes was lost at a rate of 38 to 61% per 24 h. Several sets of hybridization conditions were examined to select one giving reasonable hybridization rates and minimal loss of bound DNA. Under the conditions selected [Denhardt's solution (D. Denhardt, 1966, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 23, 641-646), 0.5 M NaCl, 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate, and 31.4% formamide at 50 degrees C for 92 h], hybridization was observed to be 29% more efficient on nylon membranes than on nitrocellulose. Several attempts to remove previously hybridized DNA from nylon membranes proved only partially successful. Reuse of the membranes, therefore, was of limited value. Quantitative hybridization of total radiolabeled tobacco cellular DNA to cloned tobacco chloroplast DNA attached to nylon yielded results similar to those previously reported using nitrocellulose membranes. However, use of nylon membranes greatly facilitated the manipulations required in the procedure.

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