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Vision Res. 1985;25(8):1147-54.

Spatial and temporal selectivity of the human motion detection system.


Measurements were made of spatial frequency, orientation and temporal frequency selectivity of the visual motion system. The results suggest: (1) There exists in the motion system mechanisms selective for spatial frequency. The preferred spatial frequency varies considerably and extends down to at least 0.06 c/deg. (2) At all spatial frequencies (from 0.1 to 10 c/deg) there exist detectors selective for orientation which vary in (directed) orientation tuning to encompass 360 degrees. (3) The bandwidth of both spatial frequency and orientation selectivity vary inversely with spatial frequency: the lower the spatial frequency, the broader the bandwidth. (4) There exist two classes of temporally tuned detectors, one lowpass (sustained) and one bandpass (transient), of preferred temporal frequency of 7-13 Hz (depending on spatial frequency).

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