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Vision Res. 1985;25(8):1089-96.

The influence of nystagmoid oscillation on contrast sensitivity in normal observers.


Normal observers subjected to retinal image motion equivalent to that experienced by congenital nystagmats were found to display a contrast sensitivity function with characteristics similar to those shown by nystagmat observers. The amplitude, frequency and waveform (and hence foveation time) of nystagmic oscillation were varied, with alteration of the waveform producing the most significant effect on the contrast sensitivity function. The pseudocycloid waveform with the longest percentage foveation time per cycle was commensurate with the best visual resolution of medium-to-high spatial frequency targets. For all waveforms the length of the foveation period showed good correlation with visual resolution of the targets.

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