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Physiol Behav. 1985 Aug;35(2):249-53.

Quaternary naltrexone reverses morphine-induced behaviors.


This study explored the relative role of the peripheral and central nervous systems (CNS) in the production of morphine-induced behavioral changes. Toward this end we used a quaternary derivative of an opiate antagonist (naltrexone methobromide, NM) that presumably does not cross the blood-brain barrier. Naltrexone methobromide (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg, IP) was used to challenge the stereotypic locomotion, analgesia and elevated "Straub" tail response observed in C57BL/6J mice after a 30-mg/kg (IP) injection of morphine. The quaternary derivative of naltrexone reversed the locomotor hyperactivity, "Straub" tail and analgesia normally observed in the opiate-treated C57BL/6J mouse. The data reported here, if taken at face value, suggest an important role for peripheral opiate receptors in morphine-induced behavioral changes. However, these conclusions are contingent on further research to more fully evaluate NM's capacity to cross the blood-brain barrier of the C57BL/6J mouse.

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