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Am J Clin Pathol. 1985 Nov;84(5):659-64.

Characterization of creatinine error in ketotic patients. A prospective comparison of alkaline picrate methods with an enzymatic method.

Abstract

Creatinine measurement by alkaline picrate reagents is subject to positive interference by acetoacetate. Enzymatic reagents avoid this interference and have been adapted to instruments such as the Ektachem-400 (Kodak). By documenting the discrepancy between alkaline picrate and Ektachem determinations for creatinine, the authors prospectively identified ketotic patients in whom the presence of ketones was responsible for a significant creatinine error. During their three-month survey, they identified 50 such ketotic inpatients. Those admitted to the medicine service represented almost 5% of all medicine admissions over this time. Of the total specimens, the mean discrepancy was 14 +/- 8 mg/L with a range of 4-44 mg/L. The greater the ketosis, the greater the discrepancy. Two-thirds of the samples were normal on the Ektachem but greater than normal by picrate methods. In addition to diabetes or ethanol abuse, 17% of the ketotic patients had severe or terminal illness that was generally associated with malnutrition.

PMID:
4061391
DOI:
10.1093/ajcp/84.5.659
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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