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Ophthalmology. 1985 Sep;92(9):1282-7.

Cat scratch disease bacilli in the conjunctiva of patients with Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome.


Unilateral conjunctivitis with regional lymphadenitis has been designated Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome (POGS). The cause has been attributed to various infectious agents, especially leptothrix and the unidentified agent of cat scratch disease (CSD). In 1983-84 the cause of CSD in lymph node and skin was established as small pleomorphic gram-negative bacilli. We now report identical bacteria in the conjunctival lesions of 9 of 24 patients with POGS. This confirms the belief that the CSD bacillus is a major cause of POGS.

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