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J Biomed Eng. 1985 Oct;7(4):282-8.

Influence of walking speed on gait parameters.


Modern three-dimensional gait analysis systems give information on joint angles and moments in the sagittal and coronal planes, for which normal ranges may not be readily available in the literature. Since patients with joint disease tend to walk slowly and with a short stride, it is essential that normal ranges for gait parameters should be defined with reference to speed of walking. This we have done using a population of 10 normal male subjects aged from 18 to 63 years, walking at speeds which range from very slow to very fast. The ranges of knee angle and moment are given, together with the changes in these parameters with walking speed. Peak knee flexion moment is strongly related to walking speed, whereas coronal plane knee angle is virtually independent of it. The stride length is probably the best basis for deciding the normal range for a particular measurement.

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