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J Mol Biol. 1985 Sep 20;185(2):329-39.

Primary organization of nucleosomes. Interaction of non-histone high mobility group proteins 14 and 17 with nucleosomes, as revealed by DNA-protein crosslinking and immunoaffinity isolation.

Abstract

The binding sites for histones and high mobility group proteins (HMG) 14 and 17 have been located on DNA in the nucleosomal cores and H1/H5-containing nucleosomes. The nucleosomes were specifically associated with two molecules of the non-histone proteins HMG 14 and/or HMG 17 when followed by DNA-protein crosslinking and immunoaffinity isolation of the crosslinked HMG-DNA complexes. HMGs 14 and 17 were shown to be crosslinked in a similar manner to each core DNA strand at four sites: to both 3' and 5' DNA ends and also at distances of about 25 and 125 nucleotides from the 5' termini of the DNA. These sites are designated as HMG(143), (0), (25) and (125). The site HMG(125) is located at the place where no significant histone-DNA crosslinking was observed. The HMG(125) and HMG(25) sites lie opposite one another on the complementary DNA strands across the minor DNA groove and are placed, similarly to histones, on the inner side of the DNA superhelix in the nucleosome. The crosslinking of HMG 17 to the 3' ends of the DNA is much weaker than that of HMG 14. These data indicate that each of two molecules of HMG 14 and/or HMG 17 is bound to the double-stranded core DNA at two discrete sites: to the 3' and 5' ends of the DNA and at a distance of 20 to 25 base-pairs from each DNA terminus inside the nucleosome on a histone-free DNA region. Binding of HMG 14 or 17 does not induce any detectable rearrangement of histones on DNA and both HMGs seem to choose the same sites for attachment in nucleosomal cores and H1/H5-containing nucleosomes.

PMID:
4057250
DOI:
10.1016/0022-2836(85)90407-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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