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Metabolism. 1985 Oct;34(10):945-8.

Degradation of circulating thyroglobulin.


Reported half lives of rat Tg were different according to various investigators. In order to elucidate whether the derivatives of rat Tg in the peripheral circulation affect the results of kinetic studies of Tg, the present study was performed to investigate kinetics of rat Tg after separation of 19S Tg from its derivatives using gel-filtration. Radiolabeled Tg was obtained from thyroids of rats injected with 125I 24 hours before death, and subsequently purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation. The plasma samples obtained at varying time intervals after intravenous injection of 125I-rat Tg were fractionated on a Sephacryl S-300 column. As determined by sucrose density gradient, 99% of in vivo radiolabeled Tg was 19S. On gel-filtration, the injected labeled Tg and plasma samples obtained within two hours after injection showed a single peak in an identical area. A second peak in an area corresponding to a molecular weight of 60,000 to 70,000 appeared within six hours, and became as high as the first within 24 hours. In the second peak, 22.8 +/- 3.8% (mean +/- SE) of radioactivity was precipitated by anti-rat Tg antibody, and 14.4 +/- 1.7% (mean +/- SE) of radioactivity of its TCA precipitate was not extracted by n-butanol. Thus, the second peak could affect the results of Tg kinetic studies which utilize TCA precipitation, n-butanol extraction or RIA procedures. The half life of rat Tg in the present study was calculated from the disappearance curves of radioactivity of 19S Tg separated from other radioactive substances.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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