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J Med Virol. 1985 Sep;17(1):63-72.

Determination of human IgG and IgM class antibodies to West Nile virus by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).


An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed and used for the detection of IgG and IgM antibodies to West Nile virus in human sera. Thirteen paired sera of clinical cases and 24 control sera taken randomly from a blood bank repository were tested. The sera were reacted in microtiter plates coated with PEG-treated WNV antigen. IgG or IgM antibodies were quantitated by the use of alkaline-phosphatase-conjugated anti-human IgG or IgM antibodies. Of the 24 randomly collected serum samples, 7 were positive in the IgG-ELISA test. One positive by the IgM-ELISA was found to contain rheumatoid factor. In 12 of 13 paired sera of clinical cases, IgM as well as IgG antibodies were detected in the second serum sample taken about 3 wk after the onset of clinical signs. The IgM positive sera were screened for rheumatoid factor (RF) on IgG-coated plates. None of them contained RF. Antibody titers obtained by ELISA showed a good correlation with titers obtained by hemagglutination inhibition, complement fixation, and neutralization tests. The ELISA tests for detection of IgM and IgG antibodies to WNV therefore can replace the other serological methods for epidemiological surveillance and diagnostic purposes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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