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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1985 Jun;63(6):636-41.

Vagal afferent activity and renal nerve release of dopamine.


To investigate the involvement of vagal afferents in renal nerve release of catecholamines, we compared norepinephrine, dopamine, and epinephrine excretion from innervated and chronically denervated kidneys in the same rat. The difference between innervated and denervated kidney excretion rates was taken as a measure of neurotransmitter release from renal nerves. During saline expansion, norepinephrine excretion from the innervated kidney was not statistically greater than from denervated kidneys. Vagotomy increased norepinephrine release from renal nerves. Thus vagal afferents participated in the suppression of renal sympathetic nerve activity during saline expansion. No significant vagal control of dopamine release by renal nerves was detected under these conditions. Bilateral carotid ligation stimulated renal nerve release of both norepinephrine and dopamine in saline-expanded rats. The effects of carotid ligation and vagotomy were not additive with respect to norepinephrine release by renal nerves. However, the baroreflex-stimulated renal nerve release of dopamine was abolished by vagotomy. Electrical stimulation of the left cervical vagus with a square wave electrical pulse (0.5 ms duration, 10 V, 2 Hz) increased dopamine excretion exclusively from the innervated kidney of hydropenic rats. No significant change in norepinephrine excretion was observed during vagal stimulation. Increased dopamine excretion during vagal stimulation was associated with a larger natriuretic response from the innervated kidney than from its denervated mate (p less than 0.05). We conclude that under appropriate conditions vagal afferents stimulate renal release of dopamine and produce a neurogenically mediated natriuresis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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