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In Vitro Cell Dev Biol. 1985 Feb;21(2):99-107.

In vitro modulation of differentiation by calcium in organ cultures of human and murine epithelial tissue.


The differentiation of epithelial tissue in organ cultures of murine buccal mucosa, various human oral mucosa, and human newborn foreskin was found to be dependent on the calcium concentration of the culture media. In low calcium medium (less than or equal to 0.07 mM) epithelial differentiation was inhibited. The original stratifying layers separate and can be removed, producing a destratified explant. Histologically such an explant consists of a dorsal epithelial layer of basal keratinocytes resting on an intact basal lamina with subjacent stroma. At 0.01 mM calcium, the epithelial layer was one to two cells thick whereas at 0.07 mM it could be three or more layers in thickness with the most superficial cells being spread over the underlying cells. In addition to differentiation, keratinocyte migration over the sides of the explant (epiboly) and epithelial proliferation as determined by [3H]thymidine autoradiography were reduced by culture in low calcium medium. Redifferentiation occurs upon return to normal calcium levels (1.8 mM); addition of hydrocortisone to low calcium media was found to facilitate this redifferentiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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