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Cancer. 1985 Jun 1;55(11):2634-7.

Doxorubicin plus cisplatin in the treatment of apudomas.


Twelve patients with advanced apudomas--six with carcinoid tumors, two with chemodectomas, two with pancreatic islet cell tumor, and one each of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid and paraganglioma of unknown primary--were treated with a combination of doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 and cisplatin 50 mg/m2 every 3 to 4 weeks. Biochemical markers were present in 8 of the 12 patients. Five of the 12 patients (3 with carcinoid and 2 with chemodectomas) responded with more than 50% regression of tumor size measured as hypothetical area. Three others (two with islet cell tumors and one with carcinoid) had clinical and/or biochemical improvements. A median duration of response was 6 months. Nausea, vomiting, and alopecia were universal. Mild or moderate leukopenia was the most frequent toxicity. No sustained nephrotoxicity was seen. The combination of doxorubicin and cisplatin provides a new palliative therapy for patients with APUD tumors.

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