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Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Sep;42(3):414-20.

Effect of dietary cholesterol on biliary lipids in patients with gallstones and normal subjects.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dietary cholesterol on biliary lipids in subjects with and without gallstones. Twelve patients with asymptomatic gallstones (six men, six women) were assigned diets containing 500, 750, and 1000 mg cholesterol daily for 3-wk periods in random sequence. Seven healthy women similarly were assigned diets containing 500 and 1000 mg cholesterol daily. With increasing dietary cholesterol in patients with gallstones, biliary saturation indices and molar percents of cholesterol and phospholipids increased significantly while molar percent of biliary bile acids decreased significantly. With increasing dietary cholesterol in healthy women, the biliary saturation index and molar percent of cholesterol increased significantly; the mean saturation index exceeded unity on the diet containing 1000 mg cholesterol daily. In conclusion, augmented dietary cholesterol for brief periods increased biliary cholesterol saturation in subjects with and without gallstones.

PMID:
4036847
DOI:
10.1093/ajcn/42.3.414
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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