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Ophthalmology. 1985 Jun;92(6):768-76.

Color contrast perimetry. The spatial distribution of color defects in optic nerve and retinal diseases.


Color contrast perimetry was used to evaluate central visual field defects in a group of 28 patients with visual loss resulting from optic nerve or retinal diseases. Kinetic perimetry was performed using colored test objects of constant luminance, equated to a white surround of 10 ft lamberts. Colored test objects were varied in size and in extent of color saturation. Test object color saturation was varied from a white that matched the color and luminance of the adapting background toward either the blue or the red color maxima of a video tangent screen. All central visual field defects that were demonstrable by luminance contrast perimetry were also detected by color contrast testing, and no defects were found for color contrast detection that could not also be demonstrated by conventional luminance increment perimetry. Retinal diseases usually produced scotomas for both color and luminance contrast detection, while optic nerve disorders tended to produce global depressions of both color and luminance contrast sensitivity across the entire visual field in addition to scotomas. There was no systematic difference in visual field defects for either class of disease when comparing color contrast in the blue (tritan) versus the red (protan) axes of color space. The apparent tritan or protan/deutan axes of color confusion found by hue discrimination testing in acquired dyschromatopsias may be determined by the relative spatial distribution of defects in the central visual field rather than by selective impairment of neural mechanisms for color or luminance information processing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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