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J Opt Soc Am A. 1985 Aug;2(8):1273-81.

Accommodation-dependent model of the human eye with aspherics.


We consider a schematic human eye with four centered aspheric surfaces. We show that by introducing recent experimental average measurements of cornea and lens into the Gullstrand-Le Grand model, the average spherical aberration of the actual eye is predicted without any shape fitting. The chromatic dispersions are adjusted to fit the experimentally observed chromatic aberration of the eye. The polychromatic point-spread function and modulation transfer function are calculated for several pupil diameters and show good agreement with previous experimental results. Finally, from this schematic eye an accommodation-dependent model is proposed that reproduces the increment of refractive power of the eye during accommodation. The variation of asphericity with accommodation is also introduced in the model and the resulting optical performance studied.

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