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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Oct;6(4):731-6.

Survival after hospital discharge in matched populations with inferior or anterior myocardial infarction.


Prognostic differences between patients with anterior or inferior myocardial infarction are often related to such variables as previous infarction or the size of the myocardial infarct. We examined the determinants of mortality in 997 hospital survivors of acute Q wave infarction (anterior in 449, inferior in 548) who, although not preselected, were well matched with respect to age, sex and prior infarction or congestive heart failure. Additionally, there was no significant difference in peak serum creatine kinase (CK) between the groups with anterior and inferior infarction (1,459 +/- 1,004 versus 1,357 +/- 1,036). Among the patients with anterior infarction who died during the 1 year follow-up period, 56% died in the first 60 days after hospital discharge compared with 18% of those without inferior infarction (p less than 0.01). Survival curves then became nearly identical at 3 months, and remained so until 1 year when the total mortality rate was 10% for the anterior and 7% for the inferior infarction group (p = NS). Variables associated with heart failure during the hospital phase were more prevalent in anterior infarction, but rales above the scapulae during the hospital stay (p less than 0.0001) and ventricular gallop at the time of discharge (p less than 0.0001) were the top two predictors of 1 year mortality by both univariate and multivariate analysis in inferior infarction. Age (p less than 0.0001) and peripheral edema (p less than 0.0001) were the strongest predictors of mortality in anterior infarction. Previous infarction, although just as common in the group with anterior infarction, was present at 1 year in 48% of nonsurvivors of the group with inferior infarction compared with only 19% of survivors (p less than 0.0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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