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Cell Biol Int Rep. 1985 Jul;9(7):663-70.

Immunocompetent cells in the starfish Asterias rubens. An ultrastructural study.

Abstract

Cells from the axial organ of the starfish Asterias rubens were fractionated into two populations, adherent and non-adherent to nylon wool. In both populations the ultrastructural study revealed the presence of cells resembling the lymphocytes of the vertebrates, as well as phagocytic, peroxidase positive cells. The lymphocyte-like cells in the non-adherent population (average diameter 4 mu) have a high nucleo-cytoplasmatic ratio and are morphologically similar to Th lymphocytes while the adherent cells (average diameter 5.5 mu) are more similar to Bm lymphocytes. These observations are in line with the hypothesis that there exist, in the starfish, a primitive immune system with characteristics resembling those of the immune system of vertebrates.

PMID:
4028193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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